India marks its Republic Day annually on January 26. This year, the day falls on Thursday, with citizens of the country marking it as the 74th Republic Day. The celebrations will begin with President Draupadi Murmu unfurling the national flag on the recently unveiled Kartavaya Path, formerly known as Rajpath. Every year, millions of Indians witness the rich tradition, cultural heritage, spectacle of the nation’s progress and achievements, and airshows by the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force on television. Apart from this, the public can experience these events, including the Republic Day Parade rehearsal, the parade and the Beating the Retreat ceremony, on Kartavaya Path. (Also Read | Republic Day 2023: 5 delicious tricolour recipes to try on this day)
Republic Day History and Significance:
Republic Day commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of India on January 26, 1950. While India gained independence from the British Raj in 1947, it wasn’t until January 26, 1950, that the Constitution of India came into effect, and the country became a sovereign state, declaring it a republic. The Constituent Assembly held its first session on December 9, 1946, and the last on November 26, 1949, and then the Constitution was adopted a year later. Dr BR Ambedkar headed the Drafting Committee of the Constitution. On this day, India also marks Constitution Day.
Republic Day commemorates the spirit of independent India. On this day, in 1930, the Indian National Congress proclaimed Purna Swaraj from colonial rule. Republic Day also commemorates Indian citizens’ power to choose their government democratically. The country marks it as a national holiday to commemorate the establishment of the Indian Constitution.
Republic Day Celebrations:
Republic Day celebrations are marked with much enthusiasm in the country. On this day, the President unfurls the national flag followed by spectacular military and cultural pageantry. Additionally, the President of India distributes Padma Awards to the deserving civilians of the country, and brave soldiers are awarded Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra and Vir Chakra. Live webcast of the Republic Day Parade is also made accessible every year to millions of people.